Diabetes is a serious health condition that affects millions of people every day. It is a chronic disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, which is necessary to convert sugars and other foods into energy for daily living. It is also called diabetes mellitus or adult-onset diabetes. It is a complex disease that occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin or cannot properly respond to the insulin produced by the pancreas. Diabetes is a disease that affects the whole body. It causes complications in the blood and many organs, especially the eyes, heart, kidneys, and nerves. The disease has become a worldwide epidemic and is increasing day by day.
Diabetes Causes Damage to Various Organs of the Body
1. Heart Disease
The heart is one of the main organs of the human body. It is a strong muscle that pumps blood to all body parts. When we eat food, our body converts food into energy. The body uses this energy to fuel daily activities like moving, breathing, and thinking. This process requires a constant flow of oxygen and nutrients to the heart and other organs through blood circulation. Diabetes can affect the whole cardiovascular system and cause damage to heart muscles especially if uncontrolled and left untreated for long periods of time.
A stroke is a sudden and acute condition that affects the blood vessel. It can lead to many complications and even cause death if it is not treated in time with appropriate medication. The main causes of stroke are heart disease, hypertension, high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and smoking. If an untreated diabetic patient has other risk factors for stroke, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol level, obesity, or smoking, it increases the chances of having a stroke.
3. Kidney Damage
The kidneys are responsible for removing waste from the body and filtering blood. Diabetes causes kidney damage, which can lead to chronic kidney failure. Kidney failure has many causes and effects, such as hypertension, poor circulation of blood to the kidneys, diabetes, and high cholesterol levels. Damage to the kidneys in diabetics is usually caused by loss of function in the kidney itself as well as other complications such as diabetes mellitus or diabetic complications.
4. Nerve Damage
The nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. This system controls regulates, and coordinates many different body functions. Diseases or injuries to the nervous system are critical since they can lead to paralysis, stroke, and permanent disability. Many people with diabetes have nerve damage that affects their ability to walk, feel pain or feel any sensation in their body. In the early stages of diabetes, neuropathy can be reversed if the disease is caught and treated in time.
5. Blood Vessels Damage
Diabetes results in poor blood circulation or the delivery of blood to body tissues. As a result, there is less oxygenation of tissues and organs and these tissues can become starved for essential nutrients. In addition, oxygenation becomes poor, and other important nutrients are not delivered properly, which can weaken muscles and weaken the heart.
6. Fatigue and Lack of Energy
Fatigue is a common symptom of diabetes and, if left unchecked, can lead to other problems such as depression, alcohol dependence, mood swings, and chronic fatigue. Additionally, lack of energy or tiredness is a very common problem in diabetes, and most people feel this is a lack of motivation or inability to concentrate. When left untreated it can lead to other health problems such as anxiety attacks or depression.
7. Dry and Bad Skin
Dry and bad skin is a common problem in people with diabetes. Diabetes can cause dry skin, peeling, and rashing of the skin. This condition is believed to be caused by high blood sugar levels that lead to dehydration and poor circulation of blood. In some cases, it can also be caused by metabolic acidosis resulting from diabetes.
Reasons For Diabetes
1. Immune System Disorder
The onset of diabetes is often associated with an immune system disorder, which is known as an autoimmune disorder. This happens when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys its cells for unknown reasons or reasons yet to be discovered. It is thought that the body eliminates the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas when it mistakes insulin produced by the body as a harmful substance. This causes the immune system to attack and destroy the body cells that produce insulin.
2. Insulin Resistance
Many factors, such as obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes, can cause insulin resistance. It occurs when the pancreas has to work harder to produce insulin or cannot produce enough insulin. As a result of this condition, the body tries to compensate by increasing its insulin production or starts resisting it and therefore fails to regulate glucose properly. The main reason for insulin resistance is inactivity and lack of physical activity.
3. Endocrine System Disorder
According to HGH clinic Miami, the main cause of diabetes is a disorder that occurs in the endocrine system disorder. The main hormone associated with diabetes is insulin, a hormone responsible for regulating glucose levels in the body and allowing cells to be fed with the correct amount of glucose to function normally. When insulin levels are increased, it leads to high blood sugar or hyperglycemia.
4. Excretory System Disorder
Another reason for diabetes is an excretory system disorder. This is the failure of the kidneys to properly filter blood and remove excess glucose in the body through urine. Chronic or long-term diabetes can damage the kidneys, causing them to fail to function fully and lose their filtering capabilities. Diabetes often causes kidney failure, high blood sugar levels, and high cholesterol levels, which can severely damage the kidneys.
5. Digestive System Disorder
Diabetes affects the digestive system and the hormones that regulate its functioning. When a person develops diabetes, it changes how their body processes sugar, leading to poor digestion and enhanced glucose production in the liver. This is sometimes known as a metabolic syndrome also known as insulin resistance syndrome. This occurs in people who have low levels of the hormone insulin, which is essential for absorbing glucose from the blood into the cells for proper functioning.
6. Reproductive System Disorder
Diabetes can cause reproductive system disorders due to low insulin levels and other hormones. In women, high glucose levels in the blood often cause a problem known as a polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS. These high glucose levels in the body can also damage the ovaries, causing abnormal development and leading to difficulty with ovulation and falling eggs if released. In men, low or irregular testosterone levels can also cause infertility or reproductive disorders, often due to diabetes.
It is important to realize that diabetes is dangerous if left unchecked. In some cases, diabetes can cause death as it severely damages tissues and organs, affecting the nervous system and leading to permanent damage and sensory loss. Therefore, trying and prevent this disease or at least keep its symptoms under control by living a healthy lifestyle is very important. With careful planning, you can keep diabetes under control and prevent it from affecting your life. This can be done by eating a healthy diet, exercising often, avoiding obesity and stress, and controlling blood sugar levels.